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The Bihar Education Project Council (BEPC), popularly known as Bihar Education Project (BEP)... Read More
The Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) scheme was launched by the Government of India
in August, 2004 for setting up residential schools at upper primary level for girls belonging predominantly to the SC, ST, OBC and minorities in difficult areas. Initially it ran as a separate scheme, but was merged with the SSA programme with effect from 1st April, 2007. With the RTE Act, 2009 coming into force with effect from 1st April 2010, and the SSA Framework of Implementation being revised to correspond to the RTE Act, the KGBV component of SSA would also be implemented in the overall context of child rights and child entitlements and in harmony with the spirit and stipulations of the Act.
Scope/Coverage of the Scheme
- KGBVs can be opened in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs), previously defined on a composite criteria of blocks with a rural female literacy rate below the national average (46.13%: Census 2001) and gender gap in literacy higher than the national average (21.59%: Census 2001). Within these blocks, priority was given to areas with: Concentration of tribal population, and/or a large number of girls out of school; Concentration of SC, ST, OBC and minority populations, and/or a large number of girls out of school; Areas with low female literacy; or Areas with a large number of small, scattered habitations that do not qualify for a school.
- The criteria of eligible blocks was revised with effect from 1st April, 2008 to include the following:
- EBBs with rural female literacy below 30%;
- Towns/cities having minority concentration (as per the list identified by Ministry of Minority
Affairs) with female literacy rate below the national average (53.67%: Census 2001).
- In 2010-11 opening of KGBVs has been extended to all EBBs with rural female literacy below the
national average as per Census 2001.
3.1 The objective of KGBV is to ensure access and quality education to girls from disadvantagedgroups by setting up residential schools at upper primary level.
- Initially, KGBVs shall be opened in rented or other available Government buildings. Once land has been identified, suitable buildings shall be constructed. The unit cost of new KGBVs hostel buildings has been revised since October 2010 to conform to the State PWD Schedule of Rates (SOR). The minimum area for KGBV hostel buildings shall be calculated based on basic amenities and requirements as indicated below:
- For 50 children the carpet area of the building would be approximately 80 sq.ft/ child
- For 100 children the carpet area of the building would be approximately 60 sq.ft/ child
- Such residential schools will be set up only in those EBBs that do not have residential schools at upper primary level for girls under any other scheme of Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment and Ministry of Tribal Affairs. This shall be ensured by the district level authority of SSA at the time of actual district level planning of KGBV initiatives by co-ordinating with the other Departments/Ministries.
Components of the scheme
(i) Setting up of residential schools where there are a minimum of 50 girls predominantly fromthe SC, ST and minority communities available to study in the school at the elementarylevel. The number can be more than 50 depending on the number of eligible girls. Threepossible models for such school have been identified and revised financial norms for thesame are: Model I: Schools with hostels for 100 girlsRecurring cost: ` 32.07 lakhRecurring cost for in take of additional girls: To be worked out..
Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation
The SSA State Implementation Society will be the implementing agency of the KGBV at State level. Therefore, funds for this programme will be routed through the SSA society of the State. At the State level a Gender Coordinatorâ will be appointed who will look after the KGBV. In States where Mahila Samakhya (MS) programme is operational, the SSA society may give preference to the MS Society for implementing KGBV in the blocks of MS operations provided that the MS Society in the state is willing to undertake the implementation of the programme. In such States, the SSA society shall transfer the approved funds to MS Society for implementation of the programme. The monitoring and evaluation of the component will be done by the State SSA Society. In blocks where MS or in blocks where MS has not given its concurrence to implement KGBV the implementation of this component will be through the SSA.
Training for teachers and staff at the residential schools will be coordinated by the District Institutes of Educational Training, Block Resource Centres and the Mahila Samakhya Resource Groups.
State Support Group
An Advisory State level coordination committee as approved under the NPEGEL scheme, shall provide direction and support to the programme. This group will consist of nominees from relevant State Government Departments, Government of India, experts in the field of girls education, educationists etc. The selection of an appropriate model of the school and its location would be done by this Committee based on the recommendation of the district committee implementing the NPEGEL and the new proposed scheme.
National Support Group
The National Resource Group (NRG) created under the Mahila Samakhya programme at the
National level shall provide inputs on conceptual issues and concerns arising in the programme, and advice GOI on policy matters concerning the education of girls. This group will provide the interface with research and training institutions, womenâs movement, educationists and non-Governmental institutions and also bring in other experiences of educating girls.
Since the NRG, consists of a small number of persons and meets only two to three times in a year,
smaller sub committees of the NRG created for specific inputs, like gender training of teachers,
development of gender based teaching learning material, development of audio visual programmes etc. will co- opt additional persons from relevant institutions or experts for the purpose.
Based on the number of girls and the type of residential school to be provided, the selection of the model of the school to be selected would be done by a State Level Committee based on the recommendation of the District Committee for the purpose. The proposal shall be forwarded to the Cell at the National level who shall appraise them with the help of external agencies/consultants, where necessary. Finally, the Project Approval Board of SSA will approve these plans. The preferred models are as ...
Funding Pattern or release of funds
The funding pattern of the Central Government and States/UTs for the KGBV scheme will be the same as per the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, as it is a component of SSA with effect from 1st April, 2007.
The provisions for KGBV will be in addition to the provisions already made under other components of SSA and for NPEGEL. The SSA Society shall ensure convergence of KGBV with
NPEGEL and Mahila Samakhya programme. It shall also ensure that funds allocated are appropriately
utilized and there is no duplication of activities.
The Government of India would directly release funds to the SSA State Implementation Society. The State Government will also release its share to the State Implementation Society. Funds will be released thereafter to the Mahila Samakhya Society wherever applicable. In States where MS is not being implemented, the implementation will be through the SSA Society.
The State Society should open a separate Savings Bank Account for operating the funds of KGBV. State Government should also release its matching share to the State SSA Society through a separate budget head. Separate accounts will have to be maintained at district and sub-district structures, accordingly.